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Lumbini PDF Print E-mail
Written by Dr U Than Sein   
Wednesday, 02 January 2008

Lumbini: the Birth Place of Gotama Buddha

A unique being, an extraordinary man arises in this world for the benefit of the many, for the happiness of the many, out of compassion for the world, for the good, benefit and happiness of the gods and mankind. Who is this unique being? It is the Tathagata, the Exalted, and Fully Enlightened One.Anguttara Nikaya, 1,1,13, p22

Lumbini

Lumbini, the birth place of Gotama Buddha is situated in Nepal, across the Indian border town of Sonauli which is about 130 km from Gorakhpur, UP, and continue for another 13 km by road from Siddhartha Nagar (Bhairawha) of Nepal, which has a small airport with daily direct flight from Kathmandu.

Historical facts

Immediately before birth, the Bodhisattva was the Lord of the Tushita (Tusita) divine realm. There, he had resolved to be born for the last time and to have the attainment of enlightment. During the night of his conception, Queen Maha Maya Devi, the wife of King Suddhodana of Kapilavattu (Kapilavastu), dreamt of a great white elephant entering her womb. On the full moon day of Kason (May or Vesakha) in the year 563 BCE, a noble prince, the Bodhisattva, was born in the Lumbini Park (Garden), 16 km from the Sakya city of Kapilavattu. Emerging from the bath in a pond, with her face looking to the east, she leant her right arm on the Shala (In-ginn) tree and gave birth to the future Buddha. The prince was born to from her right side and immediately took seven steps, in each of the four directions, east, south, west and north. In each direction, the newly born Prince Siddhartha proclaimed as, with a lion’s roar, by holding his right hand with pointing index finger upwards: “I am the first, the best of all beings, and this is my last birth and hereafter I will not be born again.” The heavens filled with lights and the devas (gods) showered flowers on the young Prince who descended from his mother’s womb on the lotus pedestals. After having joyous birth to Siddhartha, Queen Maya Devi died on seventh day after birth and the kingdom mourned her. King Suddhodana summoned her sister Mahapajapati Gotami to look after the Prince. Many auspicious signs accompanied the birth of Siddhartha, and many beings who would later play a major role in the life of Gotama Buddha are said to have born on the same day: Yashodara, future wife of Siddhartha; Chandaka, the groom who would help him leave the palace, Kanthaka, the horse that would bear him out; the future Bimbisara of Magadha and Prasenajit of Kosala and his protector, Vajrapani. The Bodhi tree is also said to have sprouted on the same day of Buddha’s birth.

After two centuries later (249 BCE), Mauryan Emperor King Ashoka visited this birth place of Lord Buddha, and made many offerings, built a stupa and erected a pillar surmounted by a horse capital. Despite the importance of the place in the Buddhist history, there were a few references to this place for many centuries thereafter, compared to other sacred sites of the Buddha. In the fifth century CE, the Chinese pilgrim Fa-hsien visited Lumbini and described in his account to the sacred lake in which Maha Maya Devi took a bath before she delivered the noble soul. Another Chinese pilgrim Hsuan-Tsiang (603-664 CE) who came to Lumbini gave a much detailed account of the birth place of Gotama Buddha. In addition to the lake, he described about the Ashoka pillar, which was partially destroyed by lightning. 

 For almost a thousand year, the birth place in Lumbini with its buildings was lost in the jungle, until it was rediscovered again in 1890s by Archaeologists – Khadga Samsher and Dr Anten Furer.When Archaeologist Walddell featured the article "Where is the Birthplace of the Buddha?" in Calcutta Englishman, and later reproduced by all the other English-language Newspapers in India, a great deal of public interest aroused. Before Walddell was able to make necessary arrangements, Government of India had given permission for Dr Anten Fuhrer, a German Archaeologist to carry out the exploration. In the last week of November 1896, three parties advanced on the border area, one from the Nepal side and two from India. Dr Fuhrer was met by a squad of Nepali sappers, who had been sent to assist him by the local regional governor, General Khadga Samsher Rana. However, unknown to him, General Khadga had also decided to investigate a second pillar; the standing column spotted by Duncan Ricketts in 1885, the rubbing for which Vincent Smith had examined. It was just over ten miles south-east of Nigliva, near a village called Rumidei. At Rumidei, General Khadga Rana was joined by Mr Ricketts and Dr Fuhrer. According to Dr Fuhrer's report – “On digging away the accumulated debris, it proved to be an Ashoka monolith, 24 ft. 4 in. high, standing upon a masonry platform, and to bear about 9 ft 8 in from its base a well preserved inscription of the Mauryan period. The inscription fixes with absolute certainty of the garden of Lumbini, where according to the Buddhist belief Prince Siddhartha was born.” The inscription of Asoka on the pillar was found some three feet below. Mr Rickets had the good fortune to be present while the inscription was being unearthed. Dr Fuhrer arrived later. The pillar, which is of polished sandstone, is split vertically down the middle, probably by lightning, and the top is broken off. The inscription is in four and half lines of beautifully incised and well-preserved characters, averaging about over an inch in height. The main purport of the record is that King Piyadasi, beloved of the Devas, who was anointed twenty years ago, came to this spot, and worshipped, saying: 'Here was Buddha Sakyamuni born’, and caused a stone pillar to be erected. Thus, history has been set at rest all doubts as to the exact site of the traditional birth-place of Gotama Buddha in the Lumbini garden.

U Thant, a devout Buddhist and Secretary General of the United Nation, visited Lumbini in 1967 and recommended the Nepalese Government to develop Lumbini by establishment of a “Lumbini Development Trust”. The Trust was established in 1970 with support from more than 13 Buddhist nations. However, till some years after its formal establishment, not much works were carried out except a few restoration of Maya Devi Temple and the Lumbini Garden. In 1997, the Archaeological Department of Nepalese Government demolished the Maya Devi Temple by shifting its main content to a near-by temporary House and the excavations were made on the same site. After a few months, beneath the ruins of old monastic structures dated back to King Ashoka’s time, the exact place of the Birth of Prince Siddhartha marked with a stone was discovered.

lumbani-asoka-birth_mark-web.jpgThe Government has rebuilt the Maya Devi Temple on the same place, kept it as a historical park and maintained as a world heritage under the guidance of UNESCO. The Lumbini Development Trust, with the help of UNESCO, has created the Lumbini Park, consisting of the Maya Devi Temple, the Lumbini Garden and related Monastic complexes, where nearly a hundred monasteries are built from various nations and religious organizations. Being a cultural heritage, visitors have to pay entry fees to the Maya Devi Temple and Lumbini Park.

Queen Maya Devi’s Temple

lumbani_mayatemple_2-web.jpg

New Maya Devi Temple (served as museum) has been rebuilt in 1998 surrounding the old monastic ruins and a stone-slab, marking the birth place of Lord Buddha, located deep in the sanctum sanctorum. Around the stone-slab, old monastic structure revealed many rooms. A damaged and much worn sand-stone sculpture showing the birth of Prince Siddhartha from Queen Maya Devi dating from the 5th century BCE. The damaged sculpture depicted Maha Maya Devi standing and supporting herself by holding a branch of the shala tree, with a new born infant Buddha standing upright on a lotus pedestal with an oval halo, and a few people standing and helping the mother. The same style of sculpture of the birth of Buddha can be found in many other places, even at the Ananda Temple of Pagan, Myanmar built in 10th century CE.

Ashoka Pillar

The most important monument on the west side of Maya Devi Temple in Lumbini is the stone pillar erected by King Ashoka in 250 BCE, in the 20th year of the Emperor’s reign. The inscription on the pillar describes: King Piyadashi, beloved of the gods, 20th years after his consecration, came himself and worshipped saying ‘Here Buddha Sakyamuni was born’, and he caused to make a stone capital representing a horse; and he caused stone pillar to be erected. Because here the Supreme One was born, the village Lumbini was made religious centre and also liable to pay only one-tenth share (of produce).” Chinese pilgrim Hsuan-Tsiang noticed a horse at the top of the pillar, and it may have been damaged in late 7th century. The shaft is 2.21 metre with a height of 4.11 metre, with around 3 metre underground.

Pushkarini (Pond)

A little to the south of the Temple is a small water pond, supposed to be a sacred pool where Mayadevi took a bath before delivery. Water in the pond may have been replenished, but not so clear due to algae grown in the pond.

Buildings in the Lumbini Park

lumbini_mmr_kyaung-web.jpgMyanmar Government with additional private contributions built a complex of monastic structures at the Myanmar Buddhist Temple in Lumbini in the year 2000. The complex consisted of two stupas – replicas of Shwedagon and Ananda, a two-storied monastery for visiting monks, a big ordination hall, and a four-storied guest house. All are built with Myanmar style-architecture.

There are many Monasteries built by other Buddhist countries in the Lumbini Park. A few largest monastic buildings are from Myanmar, Thailand, China, Korea and Japan.

Last Updated ( Monday, 28 March 2011 )
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Kushinagar PDF Print E-mail
Written by Dr U Than Sein   
Wednesday, 02 January 2008

Kushinagar: Gotama Buddha entry’s to Parinibbana (Parinirvana)

“Ananda: you may think: ‘The teacher’s instruction has ceased, now we have no teacher!’ But it should not be seen like this. Let the Dhamma and the discipline that I have taught and explained to you be the teacher after my passing.” “Now, Bhikkhus, I say to you – all conditioned things are of the nature to decay – strive on untiringly.”

vayadhamma sankhara, appamadena sampadetha

Present Day – Kushinnagar

Kushinagar (Kushinara) is near the present day Kasia town, and easily reached by road, 55 km east on the NH28 from Gorakhpur of UP State, which has a railway station and small airport.

Historical Facts

As soon as Gotama had spoken his last few words uttered as above before his entry to Parinibbana (Parinirvana) and closed his eyes, those who were not yet enlightened wept and cried. The earth shook. Sal blossoms fell like rain. Everyone felt their minds and bodies tremble. They knew the Buddha had passed into nirvana. As desired by the Buddha, for the next six days, the Malla Kings of Kushinagar prepared for the funeral rites under the direction of Ashin Anuruddha. On the seventh day of Mahaparinibbana, the last cremation rite was performed by Ashin Mahakassapa (Mahakasyapa), the most celebrated disciple of Gotama Buddha, at the cremation site.. After the cremation, the relics and ashes were collected and distributed to Malla Kings and other representatives of the Kingdoms presented at the ceremony. Mallas Kings also erected a stupa - Makutabandhana-ceti (Rambhar Stupa) at the place of the cremation of Buddha.

After two centuries, Mauryan King Ashoka visited Kushinagar. He had built stupas with Buddha relics, and erected a pillar to mark the place of Mahaparinibbana. Both Chinese pilgrims – Fa-hsien (3rd century) and Hsuan-Tsiang (6th century), who visited this sites in Kushinagar, mentioned that the place had many stupas, monastic buildings, two pillars and several holy spots, but the area was almost deserted. Sir Alexander Cunningham, the Archaeological Surveyor of India, who visited Kushinagar in 1861-62, confirmed that it was an exact place where the Buddha entered Mahaparinibbana. After 15 years, his assistant, ACL Carlleyle made extensive excavations, but not able to find any major proof.

kushinagar-parinibbana-web.jpgIt was only in 1904-12, the excavations in the same area by J.Ph Vogel and H Shastri, unfolded numerous brick buildings, monuments,. light seals and copper plate inscription, mentioning a Mahaparinibbana Vihara and a Parinibbana Ceti. Major renovation and restorations in and around Kushinagar Mahaparinibbana sites were largely due to the efforts of Myanmar Sayadaws – Venerable Bhikku Mahawira, Ashin U Chandramani and their successor Venerable U Nyanissara. A first Myanmar Buddhist Temple was built by Sayadaw Mahavira (an Rakhine-Barua Buddhist monk) at the donation of a plot of land and money for building by a Rakhine family in 1900. Sayadaw Mahavira was joined by a young novice from Rakhine, Myanmar, Shin Chandramani, who later took over as Chief Resident Monk in 1920. In 1969, the ailing Sayadaw U Chandramani handed over the management of the Kushinagar Monastery and related works to Venerable U Nyanissara. Successive Chief Resident Monks of Kushinagar Myanmar Buddhist Vihara had maintained the archaeological treasures as well as maintenance of Buddhism in and around Kushinagar. Venerable U Chandramani had initiated, since 1924, the annual festival of full-moon day Kasone (May/June) for water pouring to the Bodhi tree on the occasion of birth anniversary of the Buddha, which is a popular event and attracts visitors of both Buddhists and non-Buddhists in and around Kushinagar. In 1956, coinciding with the 2500 years of Buddha’s birthday celebration, this festival was named “Buddha Jayanti”, and with the support of Indian Government, similar celebrations spread to other places. The annual Buddha Jayanti festival events is still conducted every year in May/June till today.

Nirvana Temple and Stupa

kushinagar_nirvana_temple-web.jpgThe Government of India had renovated the Nirbbina (Nirvana) Temple in 1956 on the occasion of the Buddha’s 2500th birthday celebration, just in front of the main Nirbbana stupa, built over the very place where Lord Buddha attained Mahaparinibbana. The stupa was originally built by Malla Kings and successively renovated by several kings and well-wishers from India and elsewhere. The inscription on the copper vessel excavated from this stupa site indicated that it was the actual place of Nibbana Ceti. The present form of the stupa was restored in 1927 by Venerable U Chandramani, Chief Resident Monk of Kushinagar Myanmar Buddhist Vihara, with donations from U Po Kyu and U Po Hlaing of Myanmar.

kushinaga-reclining-web.jpgIn the main Nirbbana Temple, a reclining Buddha statue, with the length of 6.1 metre curved out of a single block of reddish sandstone, represents the dying Buddha declining peacefully on his right side with the head towards the north, the face turning towards the west, the right hand being placed under the head, and the left hand resting on the thigh. Whole body was covered with the golden robe and the feet seem to be puffy.

The plinth underneath the Buddha statue has three small figures on its west side. The figure on the left is a crying human figure, probably depicting the grief of Malls Kings. The figure in the centre shows a monk meditating with his back to the viewer. Another figure on the right shows a monk resting his head on right hand overcome with grief. Both probably represent the monks who remained calm and those who cried at the Buddha’s Parinirvana.

Original statue may have been built by a monk “Hiribala” in 5th century CE, and donated to this Temple, as described in the inscription at the pedestal of the statue. This statue was seen and described in the same manner by Huien Tsaing who visited around 5th century. The Archaeologist Carlleyle, who excavated the Nirvana Temple in 1876, found this Buddha statue completely smashed, but he restored and repaired to its original shape.

Dhatu-ceti (Cremation Stupa)

kushinaga-datu_ceti-web_copy.gifNearly 2 km proceeding from the Nirvana Temple, on the main road down south, is the Makutabandhana-cedi or the Dhatu-ceti (Cremation Stupa), which marked the site of cremation of Buddha’s body. Being nearby is the Ramabhar Lake, the stupa was also called as “Ramabhar Stupa”. It is a huge circular, drum-shape, about 34 metres in diameter and rests on a circular plinth that consisted of two or more terraces about 47 metres in diameter at the base. It has a height of 15.4 metres.

A replica of Dhatu-ceti (Kunwarkakot Matha) was built at a place about 2.5 km west of the existing stupa with a huge seated Buddha. The replica was constructed on the archetypal principle of the cosmic, representing the five gross elements of the organic life: the earth (the square base), air (the sphere), flame (triangular up-thrust), water (the crescent), and the ether (the conical dome).

Matha-kuar Shrine and Temple

About 200 meters southwest of the Nirbbana Temple, proceeding south down the main road, is the Matha-kaur Shrine and Temple, where a colossal statue of the Buddha is installed. According to the local legions, this is believed to be the actual site where the Buddha died after he delivered his last sermon. The name of the stupa implies the “dead prince”. The statue was found by the Archaeologist Carlleyle in late 1870s, as broken pieces, and being restored. Existing temple was built by Myanmar pilgrims in 1927 to shelter the statue.

Buildings around the Nirvana Temple and Stupa

Myanmar-Rakhine Sayadaw Mahawira, with donation from Rakhine Merchant U Kyi Zayi (Khee Zarhee) of Calcutta, purchased a plot of land in 1990, and built the first Myanmar Buddhist Vihara in Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India. Sayadaw Mahawira passed away in 1920 at the age of 85, and was succeeded by Venerable U Chandramani, who became the Head Sayadaw of Kushinagar Myanmar Buddhist Vihara. Starting from a small temple and rest house built in 1900 by Venerable Mahavira, many buildings including health clinic, have been expanded mostly in late 1950s by venerable U Chandramani. One of the oldest building was ‘Chandramani Bhikku Dhammasala’.

Successor to U Chandramani, Chief Abbot U Nyaneinda expanded more structures mainly rest houses for pilgrims, Chanthargyi Ceti - a replica of Shwedagon Ceti of Yangon, a new Ordination Hall, extension of kitchen and dining facilities. Sayadaw also renovated the existing structures to reflect the traditional Myanmar architecture, and improvements are also made to have adequate water supply, sanitation, electricity, cooking facility and transportation.

There are numerous Buddhist monasteries of various Buddhist countries, including Sri Lanka, Thailand, China, Japan and Tibet, and a Museum.

Last Updated ( Monday, 28 March 2011 )
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Myanmar Buddhist Vihara PDF Print E-mail
Written by Dr U Than Sein   
Wednesday, 12 December 2007

Myanmar Buddhist Viharas in Majjhimadesa

(as of 12 November 2007)

1) Myanmar Buddhist Vihara, Bodh Gaya

Venerable U Nyaneinda

Chief Resident Monk

Myanmar Buddhist Vihara

Bodh Gaya (Buddha Gaya)

PO Gaya, Gaya District, Bihar, 824231, India

Tel: (91) 631- 2200721; Fax: (91) 631-2201940

Ashin U Tezeinda - 09431224479

2) Myanmar Buddhist Vihara, Sarnath, Varanasi

Venerable U Wannadhaza

Chief Resident Monk

Myanmar Buddhist temple - Dhammachakka Vihara

Sarnath, Varanasi, 221007, Uttar Pradesh, India

Tel: (91) 542-2595305; Mb: 09452991401

Fax: (91) 542-2595100

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Ashin U Nyanabala (Uzin) +919450965836

(E-mail – This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it )

3) Myanmar Buddhist Vihara, Kushinagar

Venerable Baddanta U Nyanissara

Chief Resident Monk

Myanmar Buddhist Vihara {Kushinagar Parinibbana}

Buddha Nagari, Kushinagar, UP India

Tel: (91) 542-2595199; Fax: (91) 542-2595100

4) Myanmar Buddhist Vihara, Lumbani

Chief Resident Monk

Myanmar Buddhist Vihara {Lumbani Park}

Lumbani Park, Nepal

5) Myanmar Buddhist Vihara, Sravasti (Saravatti)

Venerable U Awbatha

Chief Resident Monk

Myanmar Buddhist Vihara {Jetavana}

Sravasti, PO Katra, 271845, UP, India

Tel: (91) 5252-265244

6) Myanmar Buddhist Vihara, Patna

Venerable U Dhammazagra/Ashin U Thunanda

Chief Resident Monk

Myanmar Buddhist Temple - Patna

Patna, Bihar, India

Tel: (91) 612 266 6626; Mob: (91) 943 1478 119

7) Myanmar Buddhist Viharas at Rajgiri and Nalanda

Chief Resident Monk

Myanmar Buddhist Temple - Rajgiri

Rajgiri, 803111, Nalanda District, Bihar, India

Tel: (91)

[Mainly used as accommodation for Myanmar Pilgrims arranged by Official Tours]

 

Ven. U Pannalinkara

Chief Resident Monk

Chinese Buddhist Temple - Nalanda

Nalanda, 803111, Nalanda District, Bihar, India

Tel: (91) 6112-81808

{Mainly used as accommodation for Myanmar Pilgrims arranged by other Tours}

8) Myanmar Buddhist Vihara, Vesali

Chief Resident Monk

Myanmar Buddhist Vihara

Vesali, Nalanda, Bihar, India

Mb:

9) Myanmar Buddhist Vihara, Sankisa

Venerable U Nanda

Chief Resident Monk

Myanmar Buddhist Vihara

Sankisa, UP, India

Tel: (91) 5692 264131; Mb: 0971975827

10) Myanmar Buddhist Vihara, New Delhi

Chief Resident Monk

Myanmar Buddhist Vihara {Sitagu Dhamma Vihara}

No 907, Third Floor, Dr. Mukherjee Nagar,

Delhi-110009

Phone: +919816579340

11) Myanmar Buddhist Vihara, Kolkata

Ashin U Thi-reinda

Chief Resident Monk

Myanmar Buddhist Temple

(Calcutta Buddhist Damasala)

# 10A, Eden Hospital Road,

Kolkata, 700073, West Bengal, India

 

Last Updated ( Sunday, 23 December 2007 )
 
Buddha Places PDF Print E-mail
Written by Dr U Than Sein   
Wednesday, 12 December 2007

Buddha Places

There are eight places related to Buddha Life which are described as Atthamahathanani or eight incidents of Buddha Life, as shown on one of the stone slabs in the National Museum in Sarnath.

Original Four Sacred Places related to Gotama Buddha

"Ananda, there are four places the sight of which will arouse strong emotion in those with faith - Which are they? "Here the Tathagata was born" this is the first. "Here the Tathagata attained the supreme enlightenment" – this is the second. "Here the Tathagata set in motion the Wheel of the Dhamma" – this is the third. "Here the Tathagata attained final Nirvana without remainder" – this is the fourth. And the monk, the nun, the layman or the laywoman who has faith should visit these places. And anyone who dies while making a pilgrimage to these shrines with a devoted heart will, at the breaking up of the body at death, be reborn in heaven."

Mahaparinibbhana Sutta


Four sacred places for Buddhist Pilgrims usually visit at Majjhimadesa (Middle-Land of Buddha Places) that are directly associated with Gotama Buddha as mentioned above are:

lumbani_mayatemple_2-web.jpg(1) Lumbini: the birth place of Gotama Siddhartha at Lumbini, Nepal. On the full moon day of Kason (May or Vesaka) in the year 563 BCE, a noble prince, the Bodhisattva, was born at this place in the Lumbini Garden Park, 16 kilometre from the Sakya city of Kapilavattu. Emerging from the bath, with her face looking to the east, she lean her right arm on the In-ginn tree. The prince was born to from her right side and immediately took seven steps in each of the four directions. In each direction, the newly born prince Siddhartha proclaimed as, by holding his right hand with pointing index finger upwards, with a lion’s roar: “I am the highest in the world; I am the Foremost, the best of all beings; this is my last birth.”

(2)mahabodhi-statue.pngBodh Gaya: the place (Mahabodhi ceti and Mahabodhi Tree and related places) for attainment of enlightenment by Gotama Buddha that is situated in Bihar, India. Bodh Gaya or Buddha Gaya is located at 115 km south of Patna, the capital city of Bihar, India, and is one of the most sacred places for Buddhists and millions of people from all over the world visited this place every year since it is the only place where Sakyamuni or Shakyamuni (“sage of the Shakyas”) could have become a Buddha. The Modern village of Buddha Gaya on the bank of the Lilajan (ancient Neranjara) has grown up around the ancient Pipal tree and its surrounding, Sambodhi, the holiest of the holy spots near the ancient village of Uruvelā. Sambodhi later on became Mahabodhi, by which name the entire Buddhist establishment came to be designated in later times.dhamarajika_stupa.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3) Migadawon: is a place where Gautama gave his First Sermon - "Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta" which is commonly known as "The Great Discourse on the Wheel of Dhamma", to his five old friends, viz., Kondanna (Kondajja), Bhaddiya, Vappa, Mahanama and Assaji. It is situated at Isipattana Migadaya (the deer park of Sarnath) near Kashi (Varanasi), where Buddha transformed and accepted them as his fist five disciples (Bhikkhus). Soon after, the Buddha converted 55 noble men, including the merchant Yasha and his relatives, who became bhikkus. Migadawon is the place where the Buddha initiated the order of Bhikkhus, Sangha Yadana as one of the triple gems.

(4) kushinagar_nirvana_temple-web.jpgKushinagar: the place where Gotama Buddha had entered Maha Parinibbana at Kushinagar, UP State, India. When Gotama Buddha before his entry to Parinirvana in Kushinagar, had spoken his last words and closed his eyes, those who were not yet enlightened wept and cried, the earth trembled, and the Sal trees blossomed and fall like rain. For the next six days, the Malla Kings of Kushinagar prepared for the funeral rites under the direction of Ashin Aniruddha. The last cremation rite was performed at the presence of Ashin Mahakasyapa, the most celebrated disciple of Buddha. The relics and ashes were collected and distributed to the representatives of the Kingdoms presented at the ceremony. Mallas Kings also erected a stupa at the place for the cremation of Buddha.


Four Other Sacred Places related to all Buddhas

Four other sacred places that are associated with previous and present Buddhas and are also linked with the great miracles performed by Gotama Buddha are:

(a) Sravasti (Savatthi): where Gotama Buddha took his seat on a thousand petalled lotuses and created multiple representations of himself and the conversion of Angulimala, the robber and murderer, who killed so many people, and also a place where not only Gotama Buddha but also all previous Buddhas and future Buddhas have to stay for the longest years of retreats. Sravasti in modern day is called Saheth-Maheth, near Balrampur in Sravasti District; abut 134 km north-west of Lucknow, the capital of UP State in India. The Jetavana Park where Buddha had spent longest years of his life had been maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). There are two oldest Myanmar Buddhist Viharas, one (called as Daw Dwe Zayat) is no more used by Myanmar pilgrims, and another one being inside in the archaeological sites have been agreed to keep as it was as a guest house and maintained by Myanmar monk. A new Myanmar Buddhist Vihara has been constructed in 2006.

(b)Sankisa (Sankasya): where Gotama Buddha, after spending the seventh retreat and preached the Dhamma (Abhidhamma) to his mother and other gods at Tusita (Tushita), descended to earth accompanied by the Brahma and Indra. It is about 300 km south-east of New Delhi, and about 30 km east from Bewa Town on Delhi-Kanpur Road, in UP State, India. There is a ruined stupa with Ashoka’s pillar which has an elephant on top. A newly constructed Myanmar Buddhist Vihara is situated about 5 km from the stupa maintained now by the ASI.

(c) Rajagriha (Rajgir): the capital of King Bimbisara where Gotama Buddha spent second longest retreats (over 10 times), and also tamed the wild and mad elephant. Present day Rajgir was a small town with many ruins maintained by the ASI. One of the oldest Myanmar Buddhist Vihara (established in 1936) was situated inside main city compound of Rajgir.

(d)Vesali (Vaishali): a capital of Lichchhavi, one of the first republican states in the world, where a monkey offered honey to Gotama Buddha, and also a place where the Lord accepted the Bikkhunis. Vesali is about 60 km north of Patna, present day capital of Bihar State, India. A new Myanmar Buddhist Vihara is partially built at Vesali, and pilgrims can stop over and having lunches, dinners, or snacks at this Vihara on their way from Patna to Kushinagar or vice-versa.

Last Updated ( Wednesday, 12 December 2007 )
 
BodhGaya Myanmar Vihara is on the Net PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Friday, 02 November 2007

Welcome to the BodhGaya Myanmar Vihara...

gaya0.png

Bodh Gaya Myanmar Vihara is pleased to announce that the vihara website is now up on the Internet.Thanks are due to Dr U Than Sein of the World Health Organization for his dedicated efforts in bringing Myanmar Viharas to the attention of the public.

Stay tuned for more information and special features regarding Buddhism in general and buddhist temples around Gaya area.

You can access the site from the link under Myanmar Vihara Links at the left of this page or click.at our site picture or click here to navigate directly to our site.

 

 

Thank you

Bodh Gaya Myanmar Vihara

Last Updated ( Friday, 02 November 2007 )
 
Migadawon Myanmar Temple's 100 Year Celebrations PDF Print E-mail
Written by Dr U Than Sein   
Wednesday, 02 May 2007
Activities are in full swing at the Migadawon Myanmar Temple for the celebration of the temple's "100 Year Anniversary". Please visit the "Migadawon Myanmar Temple" site for details.
Last Updated ( Sunday, 06 May 2007 )
 
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